Farmers in Indonesia’s West Java province. Indonesia’s agriculture sector is facing two major issues – decreases in both the number of farmers and irrigated rice fields. Credit: Kanis Dursin/IPS
Farmers in Indonesia’s West Java province. Indonesia’s agriculture sector is dealing with two most important issues – decreases in each the variety of farmers and irrigated rice fields. credit: Kanis Dursin/IPS
  • through Kanis Dursin (jakarta)
  • Inter Press carrier

“I started the use of the application in early September when I planted rice on 0.7 hectare of irrigated land,” the 41-yr-historical advised IPS final month in a mobile interview from Bondowoso regency in East Java, a one-hour flight east of the capital Jakarta.

“I cannot tell yet if it helps raise construction or now not, however i am very happy with the technology. It helped me observe and establish a rice disease in late September. We had all the time referred to as rice diseases brown planthopper earlier than and used the equal drugs to manage the ailment. thanks to the technology, we now understand different rice diseases and may use applicable insecticides to contend with them,” pointed out the daddy of two.

Developed by means of birth-up tech company PT Mitra Sejahtera Membangun Bangsa (MSMB), RiTx Bertani is designed to support farmers take care of climate change and different complications they may additionally have via digital know-how. RiTx comes from the phrases agriculture expertise, whereas Bertani actually capacity farming.

another farmer, Kurlufi, meanwhile, referred to he downloaded the application in 2018 but uninstalled it shortly after as he found it much less helpful for his chilli crop. earlier this 12 months, he decided to reinstall it as the rate of chilli suddenly dropped.

“The cost of chilli has dropped sharply when you consider that the coronavirus hit the nation in March. I searched for option vegetation when the application suggested that my box changed into appropriate for cucumber,” the 42-12 months-historic father of two told IPS from Banyuwangi regency, additionally in East Java.

The coronavirus pandemic, which has killed 18,366 individuals as of nowadays (Dec.10) has pressured people to work from home and plant greens at their backyards, riding down the expense of food plants due to low demand.

Kurlufi owns 0.95 hectares of farm land. when you consider that the COVID-19 pandemic hit the country, he has planted cucumber on 0.6 hectares of his field for two successive seasons, harvesting eight kilograms of cucumber seeds in the first season and 18 kilograms within the second. every season last for well-nigh three months.

“I offered the seeds for Rp450,000 (US$32) per kilogram to a local company,” he referred to.

“I discover the expertise very advantageous for individuals who have no prior or little event in farming. In my case, it helps me make a decision what vegetation to plant and when to rent workers to do the pollination as it offers climate forecasts for the subsequent six to seven days,” Kurlufi brought.

Mustafa and Kurlufi are two of eleven,000 farmers in eight provinces in Indonesia the use of RiTx Bertani, one in every of dozens of agricultural apps presently available because the govt promotes smart Farming 4.0 or digitised agriculture.

MSMB project manager Rizal Dwi Prastyo talked about they have each hardware — within the kind of on-box sensors, that are related to the internet — and software — within the form of the RiTx Bertani app.

“clients ought to submit particular counsel about their fields, including the measurement, borders, latitude, and longitude for the sensors to find. once the sensors notice the fields, they immediately measure the soil’s moisture and air temperature and feeds these information to the web,” Prastyo advised IPS from Yogyakarta, a 50-minute flight east of Jakarta.

One sensor, which prices about $2,seven-hundred, covers a neighborhood of 10 hectares of land.

in keeping with the soil’s present moisture, Prastyo stated, agriculture consultants at the enterprise supply assistance to farmers during the app on what crops swimsuit their land most efficient for the next planting season.

“all through the season, the sensors measure soil moisture and air humidity every 10 minutes and upload them into the information superhighway. users can read the feeds in the course of the app under the sensor menu. Farmers need this type of suggestions to observe fertiliser or spray pesticides, if essential,” he persevered.

The application, Prastyo referred to, also permits farmers to record all farming undertaking and retailer them beneath a listing menu in order that they know exactly when subsequent to apply fertiliser or spray pesticides or insecticides. Farmers can additionally ask for further counsel through the on-line discussion board.

Activist observed Iqbal of non-governmental service provider people’s Coalition for food Sovereignty welcomed using apps in farming but observed he doubted that digitised agriculture would improve the welfare of farmers and assist the nation obtain food sovereignty within the immediate future.

“Digitising the agriculture sector is unavoidable now however the root of the be counted is farmers discover no incentive to increase construction. Why? as a result of they handle on-farm actions handiest, while upstream and downstream activities are controlled by huge groups. It has turn into a public skills that intermediaries or traders earn more than twice of farmers’ income,” he noted.

He also mentioned most farmers in Indonesia were small holders, with each possessing a regular of 0.2 hectares of irrigated land. “on account of that situation, many farmers choose to sell their productive land and work as affordable labour, additional cutting back irrigated fields, specifically on Java Island,” Iqbal observed.

an additional activist, Tejo Wahyu Jatmiko of the Alliance for affluent Village, agreed with Iqbal, announcing that Indonesia’s agriculture sector became dealing with two most important considerations – decreases in each the number of farmers and irrigated rice fields.

Quoting a record by way of the primary statistics company or BPS, Jatmiko informed a webinar in Jakarta that the country had only 33.4 million farmers in 2019, down from 35.6 million in 2015, whereas irrigated fields stood at 10.sixty eight million hectares in 2019, down by way of 700 hectares from 2018.

These situations have resulted in fluctuations in rice creation, forcing the executive to import rice to meet the wants of over 270 million people. BPS stories reveal that the country imported 444,508 a whole lot rice in 2019, down from 2.25 million lots in 2018, 305,270 tons in 2017, and 1.28 million tons in 2016.

youngsters, when it comes to sustainable agriculture, Indonesia has a ranking of 61.1 out of a hundred,the place a hundred is the highest sustainability and premier progress in opposition t assembly environmental, societal and financial Key efficiency indicators. here’s in line with the meals Sustainability Index, developed by way of the Economist Intelligence Unit and the Barilla Centre for food and foodstuff. 

In a bid to enhance farmers’ welfare, considering the fact that 2017 President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo has promoted farmer employer, where farmers are organised into business ventures, established and financed by farmers themselves, with the aim of controlling both on-farm and off-farm activities in the agricultural sector.

Dr. Syahyuti, a researcher with the Indonesian center of Socio-economic and Agricultural policy of the Ministry of Agriculture, said beneath the enterprise idea, farmers are additionally involved in the provision of seeds, fertiliser, agricultural machines, and capital with on-farm actions, and buying, milling, and selling rice in off-farm activities.

based on experiences in some sub-districts, Syahyuti stated farmers businesses improved farmers’ revenue by 72 p.c.

whereas the government is working to organise farmers into enterprise businesses, Mustafa is upbeat that digitised agriculture will support increase the number of farmers in Indonesia.

“I note the variety of individuals tilling land in the district has expanded considering that the RiTx Bertani . many of them are young and unexperienced. I get the influence that with the know-how arming is no longer a dirty job, but a way of life that further and further individuals embody,” Mustafa noted.

© Inter Press provider (2020) — All Rights Reservedcommon source: Inter Press provider

By admin