• Opinion by way of Saul Escobar Toledo (mexico city)
  • Inter Press service

as a result of the labor chapter agreed in USMC, Mexico needed to reform its labor legislations, which happened in April 2019. the brand new administration headed by means of President Lopez Obrador turned into eager to these adjustments as he was convinced that corporations have abused Mexican laborers too tons and too long.

The constitutional and legislation amendments gave easy to a brand new labor mannequin. The one that become in force for more than a hundred years turned into according to tripartite justice (govt, employers, and laborers); it is now supported by judicial courts. The ancient order gave the executive the power to respect and control the unions; the new is in accordance with a wide freedom of association. For the first time in decades, Mexican laborers can have a real possibility to choose by using secret, very own and direct vote their leaders and representatives; and be part of the organization of their option.

regardless of these reforms, the vote of the (new) agreement within the Congress of the us changed into an advanced matter. It became ultimately resolved when the bill HR- 5430 was adopted on January 3, 2020 with the aid of US lawmakers. In Title VII there is a “labor monitoring and enforcement “chapter. It contains an Interagency Labor Committee designed to display screen the implementation and upkeep of Mexico’s labor reform. The Committee will also have the assignment of building an internet-based mostly hotline, monitored by using the department of Labor, to get hold of confidential information related to labor issues at once from Mexican employees.

The invoice authorizes hiring of up to five extra full-time officers of the branch of Labor and assign them to the us Embassy in Mexico. Their duty is: “Submitting to the Interagency Labor Committee on a quarterly basis, reports on the efforts undertaken via Mexicoto comply with its labor tasks”. The invoice also established an ‘‘unbiased Mexico Labor skilled Board’’, to be liable for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of Mexico’s labor reform and compliance with its labor tasks. The Board will be composed of 12 members appointed via the government and each events represented in Congress (Democrats and Republicans).

In abstract, the Treaty contemplates a heavy bureaucratic apparatus that allows you to display screen the conditions of Mexican employees , especially in industries reminiscent of: automobile assembly; auto part; aerospace; electronics; call facilities ; mining and steel and aluminum. In case of finding violations and if they aren’t corrected, the items produced in these corporations can be detained at the border unable to enter the united states and Canada, or rather acquire a distinct tariff. This legal and institutional machinery goes to remain regardless of the political changes that take location in Washington due to the November three elections.

in the meantime, in Mexico, issues modified in more techniques than one: the effects of the pandemic and the economic slowdown had a response from the government that consisted of conserving its fashioned software , deliberate because last year and, additionally , undertaking an adjustment to public spending . This austerity coverage was demonstrated in the draft finances despatched to Congress for 2021.

as a result, the cave in of the employment, formal and casual, and the income of households have had no compensation, inflicting a major social debt it truly is reflected in a rise of poverty and severe poverty. it is also expected that the financial healing could be a lot slower for the rest of the yr and 2021. All this could surely make more difficult collective bargaining as organizations will are trying to find to reduce staff, give fewer advantages or freeze wages. moreover, while the fitness difficulty is resolved, the resumption of economic activities may cause more infections and deaths among industrial laborers, as appears to be going on in the maquiladora trade alongside the northern border of the nation.

beneath these conditions, the implementation of the labor reform, with surveillance and in some situations direct inspection of US personnel may be the cause of disputes and controversies. Biden´s victory will probably put greater pressure on Mexico. Labor unions in the US and Canada will support the “monitoring” is conducted without problems and on time.

The president and the Congress of Mexico can’t be indifferent and wait to look what happens. A decisive set of movements to curb poverty and unemployment, offer protection to employees and revive the financial system with reduce hazards is essential and pressing. handiest during this manner can workers’ bargaining skill be bolstered.

The future of the labor reform can’t rely on US drive on Mexico. although we admit that the intentions are laudable,Mexican workers can’t become pieces of a mechanism on the carrier of a overseas country: nothing more and nothing below the strongest nation on the earth.

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